American Foxhound Dog Breed: Info, Pictures, Overview and more

American Foxhound Dog Breed Information and Pictures

Breed Overview

The American Foxhound is a medium to large-sized breed known for its endurance, stamina, and athleticism. These dogs have a keen sense of smell and a strong prey drive, making them excellent hunting companions. With a friendly and sociable nature, they are also suitable as family pets. American Foxhounds are characterized by their lean muscular build, floppy ears, and a short, glossy coat that comes in various color combinations. This breed thrives on regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and potential behavioral issues. With proper training and socialization, the American Foxhound can be a loyal and devoted companion.


American Foxhounds are known for their friendly, sociable, and easygoing temperament. They are gentle and tolerant towards children, making them great family pets. These dogs are also independent and intelligent, with a strong hunting instinct. They have a natural curiosity and love to explore their surroundings. American Foxhounds are pack animals, getting along well with other dogs and pets. While they are generally good-natured, they can be a bit stubborn and require consistent training and socialization. Overall, their affectionate nature and loyalty make them wonderful companions for active families.

Size and Appearance

The American Foxhound is a large breed known for its athletic build and striking appearance. They typically stand between 21 to 25 inches tall at the shoulder, and weigh between 65 to 75 pounds. Their muscular bodies are well-proportioned, with a deep chest, straight back, and strong legs built for endurance. The breed's eyes are large and expressive, while their ears are long and droopy. American Foxhounds have a distinctive coat that is short, dense, and easy to maintain, coming in a variety of colors including black, white, and tan. Overall, they possess a noble and alert look that reflects their hunting heritage.

Health and Lifespan

The health of this breed is generally robust, with a lifespan of 10-13 years. They can be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, ear infections, and bloat. Regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet, and regular exercise are essential to maintain their overall well-being. To ensure a long and healthy life for your canine companion, it is important to provide proper care, attention, and regular health monitoring to catch any potential issues early on. With proper care and attention, the American Foxhound can live a long and healthy life.

Family Compatibility

American Foxhounds are known for their friendly and sociable nature, making them excellent companions for families. They thrive in households with active lifestyles and enjoy being a part of all family activities. However, their strong hunting instincts may not make them suitable for families with small pets, as they may see them as prey. Training and socialization from an early age are crucial to ensure they get along well with children and other pets. Overall, American Foxhounds are loyal and loving dogs that can bring endless joy and companionship to their families.

Exercise Needs

Exercise is vital for this breed due to their inherent hunting instincts and high energy levels. American foxhounds require vigorous daily exercise to stay physically and mentally healthy, ideally consisting of long walks, runs, or hikes in a secure area. Engaging in activities that stimulate their sense of smell and tracking abilities, such as scent work or agility training, can also help fulfill their exercise needs. Lack of proper exercise may lead to boredom, destructive behavior, or obesity in this active and athletic breed. Regular opportunities to release their energy in a controlled environment are key to keeping them content and well-balanced.

Diet and Feeding

Diet and Feeding: The American Foxhound thrives on a high-quality diet rich in protein and balanced nutrients to support their active lifestyle. Regular meals should consist of lean proteins, complex carbohydrates, and essential fats to maintain muscle mass and energy levels. Portion control is crucial to prevent obesity, as this breed has a tendency to overeat. Fresh water should be available at all times to keep them hydrated, especially after exercise. Consulting with a veterinarian for personalized feeding recommendations based on age, size, and activity level is recommended to ensure the American Foxhound remains healthy and fit.
American Foxhound Dog Breed Information and Pictures

Living Environment

The American Foxhound thrives in an environment where they have plenty of space to roam and explore. These energetic and active dogs require a large, securely fenced yard where they can freely run and play. They are best suited for homes in rural or suburban areas with access to outdoor areas for exercise. Foxhounds enjoy being outdoors and have a strong instinct to track scents, so a countryside setting or a home near a park can provide them with mental stimulation and fulfillment. It's important to ensure they get regular exercise to prevent boredom and potential behavioral issues.


Grooming is relatively low maintenance for this breed, with their short coat requiring weekly brushing to remove loose hair and prevent matting. Regular baths are not necessary as their coat naturally repels dirt, but they should be washed when needed. Trim their nails regularly to prevent overgrowth and maintain good paw health. Check their ears weekly for signs of infection, wax buildup, or redness, and clean them as needed. Lastly, brush their teeth several times a week to prevent dental issues and maintain overall oral health.

Training and Intelligence

Training and Intelligence:
American Foxhounds are intelligent dogs with a strong hunting instinct, making training a bit challenging. Consistent, positive reinforcement methods work best, as they can be independent thinkers and easily distracted by scents. Training sessions should be kept short and engaging to keep their attention. Early socialization is crucial to prevent shyness or aggression towards other animals. Their history as hunting dogs means they may have a tendency to wander off if they catch an interesting scent, so a secure, fenced yard is recommended. Patience and persistence are key when training these energetic and intelligent dogs.

Exercise and Activity Requirements

Exercise and Activity Requirements:
The American Foxhound is an energetic and athletic breed that thrives on regular exercise and outdoor activities. They require at least 60 minutes of vigorous physical activity daily to maintain their physical and mental well-being. Engaging in activities such as running, hiking, hunting, or agility training is essential to satisfy their natural instincts and prevent boredom. A lack of exercise can lead to destructive behaviors and obesity in this breed. Providing them with ample opportunities to run, explore, and play in a secure environment is crucial to keeping them happy and healthy.


Socialization is crucial for this breed to ensure they develop into well-rounded and friendly dogs. Exposing them to various people, animals, environments, and situations from a young age helps prevent shyness or aggression. Early socialization can also aid in reducing potential anxiety or fear-based behaviors in adulthood. American Foxhounds are naturally friendly and social creatures, but proper socialization can further enhance their outgoing and adaptable nature. Regular interactions with other dogs and positive experiences with different stimuli can contribute to a well-adjusted and sociable companion in the American Foxhound breed.


The lifespan of the American Foxhound is typically between 10 to 13 years. Proper care, including regular exercise and a balanced diet, can contribute to ensuring a longer and healthy life for this breed. Regular veterinary check-ups and attention to any potential health issues can also help in extending the lifespan of these energetic and friendly hunting dogs.

Common Behavioral Issues

Common behavioral issues in the American Foxhound breed include stubbornness and independence, which can make training a challenge without consistent and patient guidance. They are known to be highly energetic and require regular exercise to prevent boredom-induced behaviors like digging or excessive barking. Their strong hunting instincts may lead to chasing small animals or wandering off if not kept in a secure area. Socialization from a young age is crucial to prevent shyness or timidity towards strangers. Providing mental stimulation and engaging activities can help channel their high energy into positive behaviors, making them a well-rounded and content companion.
American Foxhound Dog Breed Information and Pictures

Special Considerations

Special Considerations: The American Foxhound is a highly energetic and independent breed, requiring plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They have a strong prey drive, so owners need to be cautious when allowing them off-leash in unfenced areas. Due to their pack-oriented nature, they may not do well as the only dog in a household. Proper socialization and training are essential to prevent behavioral issues. Their droopy ears can be prone to infections, requiring regular cleaning and maintenance. Additionally, their strong sense of smell can lead to wandering tendencies, so a secure yard is necessary to prevent escape.

Guardian Instincts

With a strong pack mentality and sharp senses, this breed possesses a natural instinct to protect its territory and alert its family to potential threats. Although they may not display overt aggression, American Foxhounds are known to be watchful and vocal when sensing danger, making them reliable guardians. Their loyalty and vigilance make them excellent watchdogs, often barking to alert their owners of any unusual activity. While they may not be the best choice for guard dog duties due to their friendly nature, their protective instincts and keen awareness of their surroundings make them valuable assets in keeping the home safe.

Allergies and Shedding

Allergies and Shedding:
American Foxhounds have a short, dense coat that sheds moderately year-round. While they are not considered hypoallergenic, regular brushing can help reduce shedding and minimize the distribution of dander that may cause allergic reactions. It is important to maintain good grooming habits, such as weekly brushing and the occasional bath, to keep their coat healthy and minimize loose hairs around the home. Allergies to dogs are typically triggered by proteins found in their dander, saliva, and urine, so it's essential to stay on top of grooming to help reduce allergen buildup.

Cost of Ownership

The cost of owning a typical American Foxhound can vary depending on factors such as breeder reputation, location, and specific needs of the dog. On average, initial costs for purchasing an American Foxhound puppy range from $500 to $1000, with additional expenses like vaccinations, spaying/neutering, and supplies adding up to around $500-$1000. Yearly costs for food, grooming, veterinary care, and other essentials can amount to $500-$1000 or more. Unexpected health issues or emergencies can significantly increase expenses. Overall, owning an American Foxhound requires a budget of $1000-$3000 annually to provide proper care and ensure a healthy, happy companion.

Availability and Adoption

These dogs can be adopted from rescue organizations, shelters, and breed-specific rescues across the United States. Due to their hunting instincts, potential owners should understand the breed's needs for exercise and mental stimulation. The American Foxhound may not be suitable for apartment living, as they thrive in homes with access to a securely fenced yard. Potential adopters should be prepared for a commitment to consistent training and socialization. It is essential to research and understand the breed's characteristics and exercise requirements to ensure they are the right fit for your lifestyle before adoption.

Famous Examples

Some famous examples of this breed include "Tennessee Lead," who is referred to as the father of the American Foxhound breed. "Nickelodeon's Blue" gained popularity for his exceptional hunting skills. "Virginia Minstrel" was known for his speed and stamina in the field. Additionally, "Hunt Music" was a prominent show dog, winning numerous prestigious awards. These dogs showcase the versatility and capabilities of the breed, excelling in hunting, show competitions, and as beloved companions.
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